One of the things that makes Moringa Tree become the world’s attention and gives hope as a plant that can save millions of malnourished people, is that it is rich in nutrients and compounds that the body needs. All parts of the moringa plant can be used for healing, maintaining and improving the quality of human health and especially a source of family nutrition. In fact, the content of moringa is known to be many times more than other nutritional food ingredients.
Moringa contains 46 powerful antioxidants – compounds that protect the body against the damaging effects of free radicals by neutralizing them before they can cause cell damage and disease.
Antioxidant compounds contained in Moringa are Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Vitamin B (Choline), Vitamin B1 (Thiamin), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin), Vitamin B6, Alanine, Alpha- Carotene, Arginine, Beta-Carotene, Beta-sitosterol, Caffeoylquinic Acid, Cholesterol, Carotenoids, Chlorophyll, Chromium, Delta-5-Avenasterol, Delta-7-Avenasterol, Glutathione, Histidine, Indole Acetic Acid, Indole Acetonitrile, Kaempferal, Leucine, Lutein , Methionine, Myristic-Acid, Palmitic-Acid, Prolamine, Proline, Quercetin, Rutin, Selenium, Threonine, Tryptophan, Xanthines, Xanthophyll, Zeatin, Zeaxanthin, Zinc.
Vitamins A (Alpha & Beta-carotene), B, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, D, E, K, folate (folic acid), Biotin
Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Fluorine, Iron, Manganese, Magnesium, Molybdenum, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Selenium, Sulfur, Zinc.
Essential Amino Acids
Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Valine.
Non-Essential Amino Acids
Alanine, Arginine, aspartic acid, cystine, Glutamine, Glycine, Histidine, Proline, Serine, Tyrosine.
Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 (Thiamin), Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Arginine, Beta-sitosterol, Caffeoylquinic Acid, Calcium, Chlorophyll, Copper, Cystine, Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 9, Fiber, Glutathione, Histidine, Indole Acetic Acid , Indole Acetonitrile, Isoleucine, Kaempferol, Leucine, Magnesium, Oleic-Acid, Phenylalanine, Potassium, Quercetin, Rutin, Selenium, Stigmasterol, Sulfur, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Zeatin, Zinc.
Other Compound Contents
Moringa is rich in compounds containing simple sugars, rhamnosus and a fairly unique group of compounds called glucosinolates and isothiocyanates (Fahey et al. 2001; Bennett et al. 2003). The bark has been reported to contain two alkaloids, namely moringine and moringinine (Kerharo, 1969). Vanilla, β-sitosterol , β-sitostenone, 4-hydroxymellin and octacosanoic acid have been isolated from M. oleifera stems (Faizi et al., 1994a).
Moringa sap is known to contain L-arabinose, galactose -, – glucuronic acid, and L-rhamnose, mannose-and-xylose, polysaccharides consisting of L-galactose acid, and L-glucuronic-mannose (Bhattacharya et al., 1982).
Flowers contain nine amino acids, sucrose, D-glucose, alkaloids, wax, quercetin and kaempferol; also rich in potassium and calcium (Ruckmani et al., 1998). Moringa flowers have also been reported to contain several pigment flavonoids such as alkaloids, kaempferol, rhamnetin, isoquercitrin and kaempferitrin (Faizi et al., 1994a, Siddhuraju and Becker, 2003).
The antihypertensive compound thiocarbamate and glycoside isothiocyanate have been isolated from the acetate phase of the ethanol extract of Moringa Tree (Faizi et al., 1998). The cytokinins have been shown to be contained in Moringa fruit (Nagar et al., 1982). A recent discovery has shown the phytochemical structure isolated from the ethanol extract of Moringa, namely the content of O-ethyl-4- (α-L-rhamnosyl oxy) benzyl carbamate together with seven known bioactive compounds, 4 (α-L-rhamnosyl oxy) benzyl -isothiocyanate, niazimicin, 3-O- (6′-O-oleoil-β-D-glucopyranosyl) -β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, niazirin, β-sitosterol and glycerol- 1- (9-octadecanoate).
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