In this article we don’t want to delve deeper into the meaning of the proverb “Moringa leaves”, but we will discuss the advantages of plants and the benefits of Moringa Oleifera Oil for humans. Moringa oleifera is a tropical plant that is easy to grow in tropical areas such as Indonesia and various other tropical regions in the world.
This plant, which originates from the plains along the Himalayas, namely India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan, is a type of long-lived herbaceous plant known in various regions in Indonesia with different names such as Kelor (Java, Sunda, Bali, Lampung), Maronggih ( Madura), Moltong (Flores), Keloro (Bugis), Ongge (Bima), and Hau fo (East). In English this plant is called the Drumstick tree.
Moringa plant is a plant with a height of 7-11 meters. This plant is a shrub or tree with strong roots, and has a long life. Moringa is able to live in various types of soil, does not require intensive care, is resistant to dry seasons, and is easy to breed (Simbolon et al. 2007). Moringa stems are woody, upright, dirty white, thin skin with a rough surface and break easily. This is because the wood is soft and has low quality. Moringa leaves are thin, imperfectly finned, small and egg-like, and only as big as a finger tip. It could be that the proverb of Moringa leaves is really inspired by the tiny shape of Moringa leaves.
The fruit is about 20 – 60 cm long, when it is young it is green, but when it is old, the color turns brown, the seeds are round blackish brown with light seed wings, while the seed coat is easily separated leaving white seeds. yellowish white that comes out all year round with a distinctive fragrant aroma. In addition, this plant also has long and triangular fruit. Fruit length is about 20-60 cm. When young, moringa fruit is green and turns brown when old (Tilong, 2012). For its taste, moringa has a slightly bitter taste, is neutral, and is not poisonous. There are several nicknames for the moringa tree including The Miracle Tree, Tree For Life, and Amazing Tree. The nickname arises because the parts of the Moringa tree, starting from the leaves, fruit, seeds, flowers, bark, stems, and roots, have extraordinary benefits.
Moringa Oleifera Oil is part of the many benefits. In general, Moringa Oleifera Oil can be consumed because they contain high nutrition and protein. Benefits of Moringa leaves include anti-inflammatory, hepatitis, facilitate urination, and anti-allergies. Moringa leaves are widely used and believed to be a drug for infection, anti-bacterial, urinary tract infections, external wounds, anti-hypersensitivity, anti-anemic, diabetes, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, and rheumatism. Traditionally, Moringa leaves are cooked and used like spinach and katuk. Apart from being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, the leaves can be dried and ground into Moringa Oleifera Oil used in soups and sauces. In some countries, moringa plants are processed in the form of foods such as moringa flour, porridge, syrup, moringa leaf tea, moringa sauce, moringa biscuits and others.
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